5 Ways to Significantly Reduce Your Carbon Footprint

by Matt Davies June 5th 2018

Climate Change is Real

Despite the misguided ramblings of one overweight orange politician, climate change is real, and unless we get a wiggle on and each reduce our carbon footprint, our planet’s surface temperature is set to increase by 2°C. - A rise of 2°C is considered the most the Earth could tolerate without risking catastrophic changes to food production, sea levels, fishing, wildlife & deserts.

In one year the world emits 33 billion tons of CO2 and it is estimated by 2030, our carbon emissions could rise to 40 billion tons of CO2. But what can we as individuals do in a world governed by environmentally passive politicians backed by giant corporations whose profits are as big as their pollutants? Well, fortunately, it is the individual actions of everyday people (there’s 7 billion of us) that are really crucial to radically reducing the planet's carbon emissions. 

So here are 5 simple yet effective solutions to help you significantly reduce your carbon footprint.

1. Shun Fast Fashion

The clothing sector generates 10% of all global carbon emissions and remains the second biggest industrial polluter, following the oil industry. Ironically, approximately 70 million barrels of oil are used each year to make polyester fibre, the most commonly used fibre in the fast fashion industry. - Inexpensive throw-away clothing produced rapidly by mass-market retailers in response to the latest trends.

Fast fashion garments, which on average are worn less than 5 times and kept for just 35 days, produce over 400% more carbon emissions per item than garments worn 50 times and kept for 1 year.  In addition to the CO2 emissions associated to production and transportation, fast fashion also facilitates deforestation on a grand scale. Over 70 million trees are cut each year to produce cheaper fabrics such as rayon, viscose, modal and lyocell. Not to mention the water pollution from plastic microfibers, pesticides for cotton crops and toxic colouring dyes.

So by shunning fast fashion, by means of buying sustainable and environmentally friendly apparel, or better still purchasing or sourcing second hand clothing, you’ll significantly reduce your carbon footprint, while also looking rather dapper in ecological or retro threads.

2. Go vegan, veggie or meat free if you can’t kick the habit

Livestock and their byproducts account for at least 32,000 million tons of CO2 per year, or 51% of all worldwide greenhouse gas emissions, which is significantly more than the combined exhaust fumes from all modes of transportation put together. And these emissions for animal agriculture are projected to increase 80% by 2050!

The meat and dairy industry is also responsible for up to 91% of Amazon deforestation (grazing land and feed crops), which results in the extinction of over 130 plant, insect and animal species every day. This alarming list of statistics goes on, but it needn’t be like this, and with the ever-increasing range of exceptional vegan and veggie options in our supermarkets and eateries, there really is no excuse!

Each day, a person who eats a vegan diet saves 1,100 gallons of water, 20kgs of grain, 30 sq ft of forested land, 9kgs of CO2 and one animal’s life. But if going vegan really isn’t an option at the moment, going vegetarian or meat-free once or twice a week will also greatly reduce your carbon footprint.

3. Refuse single-use plastic (beyond reuse, recycle)

Gone are the days when reusing and recycling jam jars and tin cans was enough to save the planet. To make real environmental change and really reduce your carbon footprint, it’s high time we all started refusing single use plastic.

300 million tons of plastic is produced globally each year. The carbon footprint of plastic (LDPE or PET, polyethylene) is about 6 kg of CO2 per kg of plastic. So to produce 300 million tons of plastic, 180,000 kg of CO2 is emitted into the atmosphere every year.

By refusing single use plastic, we as individuals can make a significant dent in these figures. Here are several ways to refuse single use plastic on a daily basis.
  • Take your own reusable shopping bag to the supermarket
  • Carry your own food containers, cup and utensils to avoid unnecessary throw-away plastic crockery and cutlery
  • Carry a reusable water bottle
  • Say no to disposable straws and stirrers
  • Avoid heavily and/or unnecessarily packaged foods
  • Purchase from grocery stores and local markets that sell their cereals, grains, vegetables, legumes, nuts etc loose and free of packaging

4. Transportation

Second to the meat industry, transportation releases a devastating percentage of CO2 into our atmosphere - 13% of all greenhouse gas emissions!  

Unfortunately, as much as we’d like it, it’s not as easy to completely abandon transportation like it is to go veggie or refuse single use plastic. In fact for many of us, we’re likely to be reliant on fossil fuelled transportation, generating unavoidable carbon emissions, for at least the next decade.

So in the meantime, a reduction and rethink on how you travel is the next step to reduce your carbon footprint.

  • If it’s just five minutes by car, could you walk, run or cycle instead?
  • Switch off ignition when at traffic lights, in a traffic jam or waiting for someone
  • Is public transport an option? You’ll be surprised how comfortable and economical it is to travel on public transport nowadays
  • Could you be car sharing on the school run or commute to work?
  • Could you reduce the number of flights you take? Is there an alternative, cleaner means of transport e.g. train?
  • If you can’t avoid it, offset it. Try to carbon offset unavoidable flights or long road trips*

*At Mossy Earth we are actively working on learning how to travel slower, take fewer flights, and we have made a pledge to offset all unavoidable future plane journeys and road trips we make. Join us in this pledge.

5. Purchase Green Electricity

The future of household energy lies in renewable energy sources such as wind, solar and wave power. Regardless of climate change, there are limitations on the availability of fossil fuels such as oil, natural gas and coal, while “green electricity” is becoming cheaper and more readily available.

Nowadays most energy suppliers offer “green electricity” tariffs, which seek to champion renewable energy. However, we recommend sourcing one that ensures your electricity supply is 100% renewable (Some companies purchase a mix of renewable and non-renewable electricity).

A 100% green supply means all the electricity you buy is 'matched' by purchases of renewable energy such as wind farms and hydroelectric power stations. As more people sign up to such schemes, it will drive up investment in these technologies and subsequently drive down renewable energy prices. It’s a feedback and you can be the catalyst of change.

It’s no coincidence that with the ever-growing demand for green electricity 12 U.S. states, representing 97 million people, created the US Climate Alliance and committed to upholding the Paris agreement, and source cheaper cleaner energy for their people. All the while their president blindly attempts to re-open inefficient coal mines that were closed 20 years ago for being financially unviable.

By adopting 1 or all of the 5 steps above will significantly reduce your carbon footprint, and be a positive step in fighting climate change. 
Matt Davies, Co-Founder at Mossy Earth
Through a framework of rewilding and reforestation, Mossy Earth offers individuals and businesses the chance to reduce their carbon emissions while planting wild native woodlands and restoring key habitats.