7 Significant Ways To Reduce Your Footprint

Simple hacks with big impact

written byMatt Davies Co-Founder, Mossy Earth

Matt Davies

Despite the misguided ramblings of one overweight orange ex-president, climate change is real, and unless we get a wiggle on and each reduce our carbon footprint, our planet’s surface temperature is set to increase by 2°C. – A rise of 2°C is considered the most the Earth could tolerate without risking catastrophic changes to food production, sea levels, fishing, wildlife & deserts.

Here are 7 significant ways to reduce your carbon footprint.

1. Avoid Mass Market, Throw Away Fashion

The clothing sector generates 10% of all global carbon emissions and remains the second biggest industrial polluter, following the oil industry. Ironically, approximately 70 million barrels of oil are used each year to make polyester fibre, the most commonly used fibre in the fast fashion industry. – inexpensive throw-away clothing produced rapidly by mass-market retailers in response to the latest trends.

Fast fashion garments, which on average are worn less than 5 times and kept for just 35 days, produce over 400% more carbon emissions per item than garments worn 50 times and kept for 1 year. In addition to the CO2 emissions associated to production and transportation, fast fashion also facilitates deforestation on a grand scale.

Over 70 million trees are cut each year to produce cheaper fabrics such as rayon, viscose, modal and lyocell. Not to mention the water pollution from plastic microfibers, pesticides for cotton crops and toxic colouring dyes.

So by shunning fast fashion, by means of buying sustainable and environmentally friendly apparel, or better still purchasing or sourcing second hand clothing, you’ll significantly reduce your carbon footprint, while also looking rather dapper in ecological or retro threads.

Mannequins in window of a fashion retailer.
Avoiding fast fashion for sustainable fashion or second hand clothes is an easy win in reducing your carbon footprint.

2. Go Vegan, Veggie or Meat Free

Livestock and their byproducts account for at least 32,000 million tons of CO2 per year, or 51% of all worldwide greenhouse gas emissions, which is significantly more than the combined exhaust fumes from all modes of transportation put together. And these emissions for animal agriculture are projected to increase 80% by 2050!

The meat and dairy industry is also responsible for up to 91% of Amazon deforestation (grazing land and feed crops), which results in the extinction of over 130 plant, insect, and animal species every day. This alarming list of statistics goes on, but it needn’t be like this, and with the ever-increasing range of exceptional vegan and veggie options in our supermarkets and eateries, there really is no excuse!

Each day, a person who eats a vegan diet saves 1,100 gallons of water, 20kgs of grain, 30 sq ft of forested land, 9kgs of CO2, and one animal’s life. But if going vegan really isn’t an option at the moment, adopting a pescatarian diet, flexitarian diet or choosing white over red meat, will also greatly reduce one’s carbon footprint.

A deliciously packed vegan burger.
Avoiding meat and dairy is ‘single biggest way’ to reduce your impact on Earth

3. Refuse Single-Use Plastic

Gone are the days when reusing jam jars and recycling tin cans was enough to save the planet. To make real environmental change and really reduce one’s carbon footprint, it’s high time we all started living plastic free or adopting a zero waste lifestyle.

300 million tons of plastic are produced globally each year. The carbon footprint of plastic (LDPE or PET, polyethylene) is about 6 kg of CO2 per kg of plastic.

By refusing single-use plastic, we as individuals can make a significant dent in these figures.

  • Take your own reusable shopping bag to the shops
  • Use own food containers, cup, and utensils to avoid unnecessary throw-away plastic
  • Carry a reusable water bottle
  • Invest in bamboo earbuds and toothbrush
  • Say no to disposable straws and stirrers
  • Avoid heavily and/or unnecessarily packaged foods
  • Purchase solid packaging free detergents, soaps, and shaving creams
  • Invest in or make your own eco friendly cosmetics
  • Purchase from grocery stores and local markets that sell their produce loose and free of packaging.
A lady on a beach with plastic waste that she has collected.
Refuse single-use plastic to reduce your carbon footprint.

Take action now

Do you want to have a direct impact on climate change? Sir David Attenborough said the best thing we can do is to rewild the planet. So we run reforestation and rewilding programs across the globe to restore wild ecosystems and capture carbon.

Get involved

Avoiding meat and dairy is ‘single biggest way’ to reduce your impact on Earth

The Guardian

4. Reduce and Rethink your Transportation

Second to the meat industry, transportation releases a devastating percentage of CO2 into our atmosphere – 13% of all greenhouse gas emissions!

Unfortunately, as much as we’d like it, it’s not as easy to completely abandon transportation like it is to go veggie or refuse single-use plastic. In fact, for many of us, we’re likely to be reliant on fossil fueled transportation, generating unavoidable carbon emissions, for at least the next 5 to 10 years. So in the meantime, a reduction and rethink on how we travel is the next step to reducing our carbon footprint.

  • If it’s just five minutes by car, could you walk, run or cycle instead?
  • Switch off the ignition when at traffic lights, in a traffic jam or waiting for someone.
  • Is public transport an option? You’ll be surprised how comfortable and economical it is to travel on public transport nowadays.
  • Could you be car sharing on the school run or commute to work?
  • Could you reduce the number of flights you take? Is there an alternative, cleaner means of transport e.g. train?
  • If you can’t avoid it, offset it. Try to carbon offset unavoidable flights or long road trips.
A man riding to work in a city.
A reduction and rethink on how we travel is the next step to a smaller CO2 footprint.

5. Switch to Green Energy

The future of household energy lies in renewable energy sources such as wind, and solar power. Regardless of climate change, there are limitations on the availability of fossil fuels such as oil, natural gas, and coal, while green electricity is becoming cheaper and more readily available.

Nowadays most energy suppliers offer “green electricity” tariffs, which seek to champion renewable energy. However, we recommend sourcing one that ensures your electricity supply is 100% renewable (Some companies purchase a mix of renewable and non-renewable electricity).

A 100% green supply means all the electricity you buy is ‘matched’ by purchases of renewable energy such as wind farms and hydroelectric power stations. As more people sign up for such schemes, it will drive up investment in these technologies and subsequently drive down renewable energy prices. It’s a feedback and you can be the catalyst of change.

A wind turbine in a field of sunflowers.
As more people opt for green energy, there will be more investment in such technologies and subsequently a fall in prices.

6. Calculate and Manage your Carbon Footprint

Now knowing the main areas to gain the biggest reductions to your carbon footprint, try our Carbon Footprint Calculator to find out your personal estimated yearly CO2e emissions. Your individualised footprint will be compared to averages in the US and Europe and you’ll also be informed of your total estimated emissions in the areas listed below, where possible, based on where you live. To read in greater detail and depth about our methodology, see our Carbon Footprint Calculator article.

Finally, after completing our simple 5-minute Calculator, you will receive instant personalised recommendations to reduce your footprint. Having such detailed results allows you to easily compare your total emissions against the global average needed to stop a 2°C rise in global temperatures, making our Carbon Footprint Calculator a valuable tool in your personal fight against climate change.

An email from Mossy Earth displaying Carbon Footprint Calculator results.
Find out specifics on how to improve your carbon footprint results with Mossy Earth's Carbon Footprint Calculator.
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Mossy Earth Carbon Footprint Calculator

Food: Covering dietary choices, how you shop (factoring in food miles), wastage and recycling.
Travel: With an in-depth focus on Air Travel, including the extra emissions associated with high altitudes and specific emission factors related to flying in different cabin classes.
Commuting: Using up-to-date emission data by BEIS on car types, usage, and size. In addition to emission factors for electric vehicles and how electricity is produced differently in different regions.
Energy/Heating: Our estimations for home energy involve country specific factors and average household consumption levels drawn from scientific studies. Also covering renewable energies as even they generate emissions.
Lifestyle: Calculations are arrived at by taking average emissions for each item of clothing, certain electronics, having pets, and large purchases such as cars.

7. Engage in Rewilding Practices

What is Rewilding

Rewilding, a revolutionary branch of conservation, works on the core principles that nature can recover and thrive by itself if given the space and time needed with little human intervention. It is gaining momentum and praise for its astounding successes in transforming impoverish landscapes into thriving ecosystems supporting and improving biodiversity. It does this by restoring ecosystem processes, replacing missing species, reconnecting habitats, and supporting other vital components of nature that have been damaged by human activity.

Advocates of the highest calibre promote rewilding on a grand scale to combat climate change: Sir David Attenborough recently statedIt is the only way out of this crisis that we ourselves have created. We must rewild the world!”     

How to get involved with Rewilding

Rewilding can take place on any scale which means anyone can start the process of bringing back nature. While the specific actions previously mentioned focus on reducing the carbon you personally emit into the atmosphere, rewilding offers you the chance to support biodiversity - fundamental in the fight against climate change. Rewilding your garden is a simple way to not only help native flora and fauna but also to conserve resources and avoid unsustainable and harmful gardening practices. If you want to up the scale, there are plenty of rewilding projects working to protect and restore ecosystems and in the process take carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. Our Projects page contains a list of exciting and impactful projects operating around the globe, contributing to such impacts is made easy through our Membership.

A lush green forest with sunlight shining through the trees.
Engaging in Rewilding has the double benefit of supporting biodversity whilst reducing your carbon footprint.
A footprint on a sandy beach
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Reducing Your CO2 Emissions

Avoid mass-market throw away clothing. Instead opt for sustainable fashion of second hand clothing.
Keep your existing clothing in circulation longer by repairing, upcycling, or donating it.
Go vegan or vegetarian.
If veganism is a step too far, choose white over red meat or adopt a pescatarian diet.
Refuse single-use plastics.
Invest in a reusable water bottle, shopping bag and avoid unnecessarily packaged goods.
If it’s just five minutes by car, could you walk, run or cycle instead?
Live the example you want to set.
Could you be car sharing on the school run or commute to work?
If you can’t avoid it, offset it. Try to carbon offset unavoidable flights or long road trips.
Switch to a 100% green energy supplier.
Calculate your footprint and make the right changes to reduce it.
Rewild your garden and support native flora and fauna.

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