Eat Seasonally, Eat Local

Eat the seasons to cut your food miles and reduce your carbon footprint

written byMatt Davies Co-Founder, Mossy Earth

Matt Davies

Eating seasonally and locally can take a serious chunk off your environmental footprint while allowing you more control over your food sources and boosting the local economy. This guide provides you with a variety of useful tips on how to eat with the seasons, eating locally and growing your own fruit and vegetables.

Local Farmers' Market

Keep your friends close and your farmers closer

The resurgence in the local organic farmers’ market has stoked rural economies, helped bring back a sense of community to villages and cities, as well as considerably reducing the food miles of produce. We can reduce the carbon footprint of our food by up to 6% if you eat the seasons and eat locally. What’s more, local farmers can now get a higher price for their produce, which is reflected in the quality, while you minimize the impact of your food shopping.

Organic leaks and carrots on sale at a farmers' market. To eat seasonally and locally helps your local farmer.
Organic leaks and carrots on sale at a local farmers' market.

Veg Boxes

Fresh and local produce delivered to your door

For some time now, I have had a veg box delivered to my door by a local organic farm. I leave 15 euros under my door mat each Tuesday, and in return receive a box of seasonal fruit and vegetables. This simple exchange ensures minimal food miles, zero packaging, deliciously organic produce and that I am consistently eating the seasons with local produce.

Of course, at times, I might receive some veg I’m not partial to, but such greens can always be blitzed into a soup. There are even more sophisticated veg boxes that come with recipe ideas and offer a wider variety of choice such Riverford and Oddbox in the UK or FarmBoxDirect in the U.S.

A veg box containing a variety of fresh, seasonal and local fruit and vegetables. A veg box is an simple and convenient way to eat the seasons and eat locally.
Ordering a veg box is an easy win for convenience, reduced food miles and healthy eating.

Is it in Season?

Fewer food miles, more nutritional value

To eat seasonally has two major benefits. Firstly, unseasonally grown foods have a larger carbon footprint due to the additional heating, lighting, water and in worse case pesticides required to grow them out of season. Secondly, it is said that eating seasonal produce is more likely to be fresher, consumed closer to harvesting and higher in nutritional value, some antioxidants such as Vitamin C, folate and carotenes will rapidly decline when stored for periods of time.

To help you eat the seasons, we suggest investing in an eat seasonally fruit and vegetable chart available here for just £4.99. Another trick or rule of thumb is to look for the origin and price per kilo. If the veg in question is from the country you are in, it is likely to be the right season for it, while a comparatively higher price per kilo than normal suggests the veg is out of season and/or not local.

An organic food store advertising seasonal boxes of local vegetables. Eating the seasons means fresher produce, consumed closer to harvesting and with higher in nutritional value
Buying local promotes more local wealth, utilizes less plastic and reduces the use of fossil fuels.

WWOOFing, grow your own & allotment initiatives

Some years ago, I had the fortune to volunteer on an adhoc basis at a small permaculture farm in return for a bag of veggies each week. In doing so, I learnt a lot about organic and sustainable farming, while knowing all my produce was 100% bio and had zero food miles.

Is there a farm near you that you could volunteer at? If not, what about WWOOFing? WWOOF organisations connect people who want to live and learn on organic farms and smallholdings with people who want to share their lifestyles, teach new skills, and welcome volunteer help. There are places in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, Middle East, and Oceania. If you're looking for something closer to home, then contact your local council regarding any allotment initiatives in your town or village.

If you'd like to learn more about how to growing fruit and vegetables at home, head over to our Grow Your Own guide.

A row of lettuces and onions in an allotment. Growing your own is an easy way to ensure you are eating seasonally and local
An easy way to eat the seasons and eat locally, is to grow your own.

Support your local beekeeper

Since nearly one-third of the food we eat relies on bees for pollination, it is important we support our local beekeepers. They are at the forefront in the movement to save the bees and invest much of their time and resources into bee conservation.

Wherever possible ‘Bee’ sure to buy honey from trusted local beekeepers, who sell raw honey. You can track down your local beekeeper at your local farmer’s market or contact the British Beekeeping Association in the UK or the American Beekeeping Federation for the U.S.

Jars of local raspberry honey on display. Local honey is the epitome of eating seasonally and local.
Supporting the local beekeeper helps support local bee populations.

The joy of eating seasonally is the joy of eating fresh produce and fresh foods

Anna Lappe, sustainable food advocate

Safety Hand

Use your diet to reduce your footprint

Eat seasonally to reduce your footprint
Order a weekly or monthly veg box
Eat locally to minimise your impact
Visit your local farmer's market or farm shop
Grow your own
Support your local beekeeper
Invest in an eat seasonally fruit and vegetable chart

Sources & further reading

Peer Reviewed Research Section
  1. The Food Miles Report – the dangers of long-distance food transport - sustainweb.orgExternal link
  2. Food-Miles and the Relative Climate Impacts of Food Choices in the United States - pubs.acs.orgExternal linkIcon Peer Review
  3. Local food, food miles and carbon emissions: A comparison of farm shop and mass distribution approaches - sciencedirect.comExternal linkIcon Peer Review
  4. Food (miles) for Thought – Energy Balance for Locally-grown versus Imported Apple Fruit - springer.comExternal linkIcon Peer Review
  5. The Benefits, Challenges, and Strategies of Adults Following a Local Food Diet - foodsystemsjournal.orgExternal linkIcon Peer Review

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